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Arp 299
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Arp 299: Galactic Goulash

What would happen if you took two galaxies and mixed them together over millions of years? A new image including data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory reveals the cosmic culinary outcome.
Arp 299 is a system located about 140 million light years from Earth. It contains two galaxies that are merging, creating a partially blended mix of stars from each galaxy in the process.

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Coordinates (J2000) RA 11h 28m 31.33s | Dec 58 33 41.80"

A Quick Look at Arp 299

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Arp 299-A
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Title: The nuclear starburst in Arp 299-A: From the 5.0 GHz VLBI radio light-curves to its core-collapse supernova rate
Authors: M. Bondi, M. A. Perez-Torres, R. Herrero-Illana, A. Alberdi

The nuclear region of the Luminous Infra-red Galaxy Arp 299-A hosts a recent (\simeq 10 Myr), intense burst of massive star formation which is expected to lead to numerous core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe). Previous VLBI observations, carried out with the EVN at 5.0 GHz and with the VLBA at 2.3 and 8.4 GHz, resulted in the detection of a large number of compact, bright, non-thermal sources in a region \lsim 150 pc in size. We aim at establishing the nature of all non-thermal, compact components in Arp 299-A, as well as estimating its core-collapse supernova rate. We use multi-epoch European VLBI Network (EVN) observations taken at 5.0 GHz to image with milliarcsecond resolution the compact radio sources in the nuclear region of Arp 299-A. We also use one single-epoch 5.0 GHz Multi-Element Radio Linked Interferometer Network (MERLIN) observation to image the extended emission in which the compact radio sources --traced by our EVN observations-- are embedded. Twenty-six compact sources are detected, 8 of them are new objects not previously detected. The properties of all detected objects are consistent with them being a mixed population of CCSNe and SNRs. We find clear evidence for at least two new CCSNe, implying a lower limit to the CCSN rate of \nu_{SN}\gsim 0.80 SN/yr indicating that the bulk of the current star formation in Arp 299-A is taking place in the innermost ~ 150 pc. Our MERLIN observations trace a region of diffuse, extended emission which is co-spatial to the region where all compact sources are found. From this diffuse, non-thermal radio emission we obtain an independent estimate for the core-collapse supernova rate, which is in the range \nu_{SN}=0.40 - 0.65 SN/yr, roughly in agreement with previous estimates and our direct estimate of the CCSN rate from the compact radio emission.

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