Bihar to develop astro-tourist circuit to popularise historical locations associated with Aryabhata

Bihar's science and technology department has formulated an 'Astro- Tourism Project' to preserve and develop the historical locations associated with renowned astronomer and mathematician Aryabhata namely Khagaul, Taregna and Taregna Top barely 35 km from Patna. Read more

Aryabhata was a Hindu mathematical astronomer born in India around 475 AD. By the age of 23 he had already published his most significant work named as Aryabhatiya. Aryabhata was a pioneer in the field of mathematics and astronomy. Although most of his works were lost, his major work "Aryabhatiya" was in fact named by his disciples. The mathematical part of the Aryabhatiya covers arithmetic, algebra, plane and spherical trigonometry, continued fractions, quadratic equations, sums of power series and a table of sines.

Mathematics and Astronomy in India The research of David Pingree on the mathematical sciences of India spanned a period of about three thousand years and a range of topics from ritual geometry to Greco-Indian astrology to heliocentrism in early modern Indian astronomy.

Aryabhatta is the first in the line of great mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His most famous works are the Aryabhatiya (499) and Arya-Siddhanta. Aryabhata was born in the region lying between Narmada and Godavari, which was known as Ashmaka,and is now identified with Maharashtra, though early Buddhist texts describe Ashmaka as being further south, dakShiNApath or the Deccan, while other texts describe the Ashmakas as having fought Alexander, which would put them further north. Other traditions in India claim that he was from Kerala and that he travelled to the North, or that he was a Maga Brahmin from Gujarat. However, it is fairly certain that at some point, he went to Kusumapura for higher studies, and that he lived here for some time. Bhaskara I (AD 629) identifies Kusumapura as Pataliputra (modern Patna). He lived there in the dying years of the Gupta empire, the time which is known as the golden age of India, when it was already under Hun attack in the Northeast, during the reign of Buddhagupta and some of the smaller kings before Vishnugupta.

Aryabhata, the great astronomer, was born in Kerala in 476 AD. He completed his studies at the University of Nalanda. He laid the basic foundation for the field of astronomy in India. When he was 23-years-old, he wrote his first treatise on the Sun. Around the 5th Century AD, many contributions were made to mathematics, astronomy and medical science. During this period, many new discoveries were also made. It can be said that the golden period of science in ancient India was between 4 -7th Century AD.